25th anniversary of the World Wide Web – a true milestone in the Internet history
March 12 , Yes the day Internet celebrates its birthday . But this time its the 25th Birthday and it is not difficult to count the changes that internet has brought in the society we live. Today, you are able to access numerous webpages through a Web browser over the Internet. You use Facebook, Twitter, Wikipedia, Google and many other websites often to get information, stay in touch with people and remain updated.
Most of us heavily rely on the Internet, and the power of Internet is not hidden from anyone. But do you know the source of this power? Do you know when did you get this power to freely view any webpage? 25 years ago, on March 12, 1989 British engineer and computer scientist Sir Tim Berners-Lee, now Director of the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C), wrote a proposal for what would finally become the World Wide Web. He presented the paper on March 12, 1989, which history has marked as the birthday of the Web. But the idea was so bold, it almost didn’t happen.
Twenty-five years ago, the World Wide Web was just an idea in a technical paper from an obscure, young computer scientist at a European physics lab. That idea from Tim Berners-Lee at the CERN lab in Switzerland, outlining a way to easily access files on linked computers, paved the way for a global phenomenon that has touched the lives of billions of people.
“There was a tremendous amount of hubris in the project at the beginning,” said Marc Weber, creator and curator of the Internet history program at the Computer History Museum in Silicon Valley. “Tim Berners-Lee proposed it out of the blue, unrequested.” At first, said Weber, the CERN colleagues “completely ignored the proposal.”
We bring you certain interesting facts about the Web:
1. On August 6, 1991, the first website http://info.cern.ch went online.
After that :- There’s an estimated 637 million websites , of which there are over 250 million blogs.
“There are approximately 4,200 new domain names registered every hour, or around 37 million per year.”
WordPress, the most widely known Content Management System (CMS) for websites, powers approximately 63 million blogs, but is not the largest blog provider.
2. A NeXT Computer was used by Sir Tim Berners-Lee as the world’s first web server and also to write the first web browser – WorldWideWeb – in 1990.
3. Berners-Lee uploaded the first photo on the Web in 1992. That was an image of the CERN house band Les Horribles Cernettes.
4. On April 30, 1993, CERN, a European research organisation near Geneva, announced that the World Wide Web would be free to anyone, with no fees due.
5. It is believed that a turning point in the history of the the World Wide Web began with the launch of the Mosaic web browser in 1993. It was a graphical browser developed by a team at the National Center for Supercomputing Applications at the University of Illinois. Mosaic is the web browser credited with popularising the World Wide Web.
6. The World Wide Web Consortium (W3C), the main international standards organisation for the World Wide Web, was founded by Tim Berners-Lee after he left CERN in October 1994.
7. Archie is considered to be the first Internet search engine. It was the first tool for indexing FTP archives, allowing people to find specific files.
8. If you dislike Internet users being addressed to as ‘surfers’, blame Jean Armour Polly. It was she who coined the term “Surfing the Internet”.
9. Pornography constitutes a big chunk of the Web for most of its existence, but the first website on the .xxx domain (meant for adult websites) went online in August 2011.
more info :- About 1/3 of all internet searches are for pornography.
10. Most people tend to treat the Internet and the Web as synonymous. They, in fact while being related, are not. Internet refers to the vast networking infrastructure that connects millions of computers across the world and the World Wide Web is the worldwide collection of text pages, digital photographs, music files, videos, and animations, which users can access over the Internet. The Web uses the HTTP protocol to transmit data and is only a part of the Internet. The Internet includes a lot that is not necessarily the Web.
Today more Americans think it would be “hard or impossible” to give up the Internet (46 percent) than television (35 percent).
11.There are 7 people in the world who hold the “key to the internet.” If in the event of a major catastrophe the internet is shut down these key holders will together be able to reboot an integral part of the system.
12.The internet accrued 50 million users in just 5 years. It took TV 13 years to do that.
13.The first ever email was sent in 1971 by Ray Tomilinson, the US programmer who invented the email system.
today :– About 250 billion emails are sent every day.
14. The first message ever relayed over the internet was “LOG”
15. Facebook has an estimated 1.2 Billion active users.
To put that into perspective, there’s about 7 billion people on Earth. 17% of humans are on Facebook.
Even more crazy is that there are about 2.4 billion Internet users. That means 50% of all Internet users are on Facebook.
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- Interesting History of Internet Birth- from a lab to every corner of the world - March 12, 2014